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ILC 2021 Takeaways – Public health • As part of the International Liver Congress (ILC) 2021, the EASL Takeaways take a look at key topics from the congress, with leading experts discussing the most impactful science and putting it into perspective. This session, presented by Professors Maria Buti, Shira Zelber-Sagi and Antonio Craxì, explores prominent themes from ILC 2021 on the topic of public health. Professor Zelber-Sagi takes the panel through the importance of public health policies in tackling obesity, particularly in populations with low socioeconomic status. They examine the associations between food insecurity and all-cause mortality in adults with liver disease, between parental pre-pregnancy BMI and offspring NAFLD, and between obesity and loss to follow-up in cirrhotic populations. The panel then reviews the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on liver care, as well as the effect of liver disease on COVID-19 mortality. Finally, Professor Craxì discusses residual mortality in HBV carriers and the effects of HBV vaccines on liver cancer prevention.